Holistic face perception - composite face effect

 

The Composite Face Illusion

 

The two top face halves on the figure on the right are strictly identical (just mask the bottom halves to see that). Yet they seem different.

Based on this compelling visual illusion, researchers have developed a widely used composite face paradigm in order to understand how facial parts are integrated into a unfied percept.

 

This work is reviewed in the following paper:

Rossion, B. (2013). The composite face illusion: a whole window into our understanding of holistic face perception. Visual Cognition, 21, 139-253.

For more information on this review,  stimuli, etc... see our composite face illusion webpage

 

Related Papers on the composite face illusion/effect

Retter, T.L. & Rossion, B. (2015). Global shape information increases but color information decreases the composite face effect. Perception, 44, 511–528. [PDF]

Rossion, B. & Retter, T.L. (2015). Holistic face perception: mind the gap ! Visual Cognition, 23, 379-398. [PDF]

Laguesse, R. & Rossion, B. (2013). Face perception is whole or none: disentangling the role of spatial contiguity and inter-features distances in the composite face illusionPerception, 42, 1013-1026. [PDF]

Rossion, B. (2013). The composite face illusion: a whole window into our understanding of holistic face perception. Visual Cognition, 21, 139-253 [PDF]

Busigny, T. & Rossion, B. (2011). Holistic processing impairment can be restricted to faces in acquired prosopagnosia: Evidence from the global/local Navon effect. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5, 1-14. [PDF]

Jiang, F., Blanz, V., Rossion, B. (2011). Holistic processing of shape cues in face identification: evidence from face inversion, composite faces and acquired prosopagnosia. Visual Cognition, 19, 1003-1034. [PDF]

Kuefner, D., Jacques, C., Prieto, E.A., Rossion, B. (2010). Electrophysiological correlates of the composite face illusion: disentangling perceptual and decisional components of holistic face processing in the human brain. Brain and Cognition, 74, 225-238. [PDF]

Busigny, T., Joubert, S., Felician, O., Ceccaldi, M., Rossion, B. (2010). Holistic perception of the individual face is specific and necessary: evidence from an extensive case study of acquired prosopagnosia. Neuropsychologia, 48, 4057-4092. [PDF]

Jacques, C., Rossion, B. (2010). Misaligning face halves increases and delays the N170 specifically for upright faces: implications for the nature of early face representations. Brain Research, 1318, 96-109. [PDF]

Ramon, M., Busigny, T., Rossion, B. (2010). Impaired holistic processing of unfamiliar individual faces in acquired prosopagnosia. Neuropsychologia, 48, 933-944. [PDF]

Schiltz, C., Dricot, L., Goebel, R., & Rossion, B. (2010). Holistic perception of individual faces in the right middle fusiform gyrus as evidenced by the composite face illusion. Journal of Vision, 10(2):25, 1-16. [PDF]

Jacques, C., Rossion, B. (2010). Misaligning face halves increases and delays the N170 specifically for upright faces: implications for the nature of early face representations. Brain Research, 1318, 96-109. [PDF]

Jacques, C., Rossion, B. (2009). The initial representation of individual faces in the right occipito-temporal cortex is holistic: electrophysiological evidence from the composite face illusion. Journal of Vision, 9(6):8, 1–16. [PDF]

Rossion, B., Boremanse, A. (2008). Nonlinear relationship between holistic processing of individual faces and picture-plane rotation: evidence from the face composite illusion. Journal of Vision, 8(4):3, 1-13, http://journalofvision.org/8/4/3, doi:10.1167/8.4.3. [PDF]

Michel, C., Corneille, O., Rossion, B. (2007). Race categorization modulates holistic encoding. Cognitive Science, 31, 911-924. [PDF]

de Heering, A. & Rossion, B. (2008). Prolonged visual experience in adulthood modulates holistic face perception. PLOS One, 3(5):e2317. [PDF]
de Heering, A., Rossion, B., Turati, C., Simion, F., (2008). Holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior: Evidence from the face composite effect. Journal of Neuropsychology, 2, 183-195. [PDF]

de Heering , A. & Houthuys, S. & Rossion, B. (2007). Holistic face processing is mature at 4 years of age: evidence from the composite face effect. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 96, 57-70. [PDF] [slideshow summary]

Schiltz, C. & Rossion, B. (2006). Faces are represented holistically in the human occipito-temporal cortex. NeuroImage, 32, 1385-1394. [PDF] [slideshow summary]

Michel, C., Rossion, B., Han, J., Chung, C-S., Caldara, R. (2006). Holistic processing is finely tuned for faces of our own race. Psychological Science, 17, 608-615. [PDF] [slideshow summary]

Goffaux, V. & Rossion, B. (2006). Faces are “spatial”- holistic face perception is supported by low spatial frequencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 1023-1039. [PDF] [slideshow summary]